Outline and evaluate the multi store model of memory

Cognitive Psychology › Memory › Multi-Store Model
Outline and Evaluate the Multi Store Model of Memory and One Alternative Model Models of memory are theoretical, and sometimes diagrammatic, representations of how the human memory works. Many models have been suggested by various psychologists in attempts to explain how information passes between the known stores of the memory (such as long-term memory and short-term memory) however they also take into account ideas of encoding, duration and capacity, as well as the idea of loss from memory through different mechanisms (such as displacement or decay). One such proposed model is that of Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968), known as the Multi Store Model of Memory. The name of this model comes from its main assumption; that the memory is made up of multiple stores- believed to be three. These three stores suggested in the Multi Store Model are sensory memory (a store holding an exact copy of a sensory stimulus in the same modality for a fraction of a second), short-term memory (where information may be stored for brief periods of time, but longer than that of sensory memory) and long-term memory (a store containing information that has been held for long periods of time). Atkinson and Shiffrin's model shows how data travels through the three stores in a sequence- from sensory memory to short-term memory and eventually to long-term memory. Data in sensory memory may only enter short-term memory if it goes through the process of selective attention. Rehearsal of the information now held in short-term memory may permit it to remain here for longer than it would otherwise be expected, and it may pass through into long-term memory if repeated enough. The mechanisms of forgetting from each store is also suggested in this model- sensory memory may lose information through decay (forgetting due to the passage of time), whilst in short-term memory both decay and displacement (old information being replaced by newer information entering the memory store may occur.
Outline and Evaluate the Multi-Store Model of Memory
Outline and evaluate the Multi Store Model of memory. (12 marks) Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968) proposed the multi store model of memory in an attempt to explain the workings of our memory system. They proposed that memory consists of three stores, and information flows from one store to another. At each store there are constraints or limitations in terms of capacity, duration and encoding. According to the model, information in the environment first registers in the sensory store, where probably we wouldn?t even notice it. If attention is paid to it, the information flows along to the short term memory store, the short term store has a limited capacity of 7 give or take 2 items (Miller) Example answers - multi store model of memoryOutline and evaluate the multi-store model of memoryAtkinson and Shiffrin’s multi-store model ..
Outline and Evaluate the Multi Store Model of Memory and One Alternative Model Models of memory are theoretical, and sometimes diagrammatic, representations of how the human memory works. Many models have been suggested by various psychologists in attempts to explain how information passes between the known stores of the memory (such as long-term memory and short-term memory) however they also take into account ideas of encoding, duration and capacity, as well as the idea of loss from memory through different mechanisms (such as displacement or decay). One such proposed model is that of Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968), known as the Multi Store Model of Memory. The name of this model comes from its main assumption; that the memory is made up of multiple stores- believed to be three. These three stores suggested in the Multi Store Model are sensory memory (a store holding an exact copy of a sensory stimulus in the same modality for a fraction of a second), short-term memory (where information may be stored for brief periods of time, but longer than that of sensory memory) and long-term memory (a store containing information that has been held for long periods of time). Atkinson and Shiffrin's model shows how data travels through the three stores in a sequence- from sensory memory to short-term memory and eventually to long-term memory. Data in sensory memory may only enter short-term memory if it goes through the process of selective attention. Rehearsal of the information now held in short-term memory may permit it to remain here for longer than it would otherwise be expected, and it may pass through into long-term memory if repeated enough. The mechanisms of forgetting from each store is also suggested in this model- sensory memory may lose information through decay (forgetting due to the passage of time), whilst in short-term memory both decay and displacement (old information being replaced by newer information entering the memory store may occur. Outline and evaluate the Multi Store Model of memory Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968) proposed the structural model of memory, known as the Multi Store Model. The model is linear meaning the information passes from one store to another in a fixed sequence. This model explained their theory of memory in 3 main separate stores; sensory memory; short term memory and long term memory. The model suggests that in order for information to move from the sensory memory to the STM, we must pay attention to the information, this then must be maintenance rehearsed - this is when the information is repeated multiple times - or elaborative rehearsed - repeated and given a meaning too, this then allows the information to be transferred from the STM to the LTM. The model also included details on how the information in the stores was encoded, for example STM was encoded through visual & auditory information and LTM was encoded through semantic information.