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Two prominent English political philosophers have had a profound impact on modern political science. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke both have made contributions to modern political science and they both had similar views on where power lies in a society. They both are in favor of a popular contract or constitution, which is were the people give the power to govern to their government. This does not necessarily mean a democracy, but can be something as simple as a tribe or as complex as the fictional government described by Plato in The Republic, which is more like an aristocracy or communism rather than a Republic. The key is that the people have granted this authority to the government and that authority rests in the people. This, however, is were most of the similarities in opinion end. Of the two, Locke has been the most influential in shaping modern politics, our view of human nature, the nature of individual rights and the shape of popular constitutions that exist today; on the other hand, Hobbes has influenced to some degree what can be done to change a government by the people.
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke
Two prominent English political philosophers have had a profound impact on modern political science. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke both have made contributions to modern political science and they both had similar views on where power lies in a society. They both are in favor of a popular contract or constitution, which is were the people give the power to govern to their government. This does not necessarily mean a democracy, but can be something as simple as a tribe or as complex as the fictional government described by Plato in The Republic, which is more like an aristocracy or communism rather than a Republic. The key is that the people have granted this authority to the government and that authority rests in the people. This, however, is were most of the similarities in opinion end. Of the two, Locke has been the most influential in shaping modern politics, our view of human nature, the nature of individual rights and the shape of popular constitutions that exist today; on the other hand, Hobbes has influenced to some degree what can be done to change a government by the people. Thomas Hobbes e John LockeThomas Hobbes and John LockeThomas Hobbes and John Locke Yll Shahini
The overall aim of this essay is to explain and discuss the political philosophy of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke in relation to human nature and government. To achieve this, the essay aims to look at significant pieces of political thinking, namely Hobbes writings in the Leviathan and Locke?s Second Treatise of Government. I will begin this essay by addressing four key areas, firstly the philosophical concept of ?the state of nature? where I shall also include a brief outline of how human nature is defined, secondly natural laws, thirdly the social contract theory and finally government. The final aspect of this essay is to offer a critique of the arguments, which will lead on to a concise conclusion.Thomas Hobbes and John Locke are two political philosophers who are famous for their theories about the formation of the society and discussing man in his natural state.In conclusion, the political philosophy of Hobbes and Locke, although similar in many aspects it is equally as diverse. Both Hobbes and Locke begin their writings in the state of nature, though they offer quite different representations of it. It is agreed on both parts that the state of nature consists of natural laws and equally propose that a government should be created through a social contract. From this point there are many similarities and differences between their interpretations of Human Nature and Government. Both Hobbes and Locke view political philosophy from scientific standpoints, for Hobbes it was geometry and Locke it was Empiricism. Neither Hobbes nor Locke wanted to rely on the divine right of kings in the justification of political authority. The published writings of both Hobbes and Locke resulted in their exile from England. Hobbes created a very bleak picture of the state of nature, consisting of selfish egoistic individuals, as oppose to Locke?s which was made up of cooperation and consent. In all Hobbes aimed to create a government with an absolute sovereign government, Locke focused upon voluntarily consenting to the social compact (Smith, 2003, lecture notes). Therefore, it is agreed that there are naturally occurring needs and wants, but the way in which these are accessed and implemented is quite different according to the writings of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.

Timestamps:

- Thomas Hobbes (Leviathan)
- John Locke (Two Treatises of Government)
- Compare/Contrast with Graphic Organizer

Mr. Richey discusses the works of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, two of the most influential philosophers of government in the seventeenth century. Hobbes and Locke were both influential in the development of social contract theory. In Leviathan, Thomas Hobbes advances the idea of a permanent social contract in which people give up sovereignty to a governing authority in order to avoid the state of nature, which is a state of war with "every man against every man." After the Glorious Revolution, John Locke responded with his Two Treatises of Government, in which he argued that people enter into a social contract and form a government in order to preserve their natural rights (life, liberty, and property). In Locke's social contract, the people retain sovereignty and reserve the right to alter or abolish the social contract if the government fails to protect their natural rights. I spend the first part of the lecture providing a summary of Hobbes' Leviathan, followed by a summary of Locke, then I use a graphic organizer to compare and contrast Hobbes' and Locke's social contract philosophies, noting key similarities and differences between the two theorists.

Mastodon's Leviathan album is brought in from time to time just because it's awesome.

This lecture is designed specifically for AP European History students studying Absolutism and Constitutionalism in preparation for their exam, but can also serve students in other disciplines, such as US History and Government, as well.

I use a picture in this video (Green Nature) that should be attributed to Rudolf Getel. I neglected to do so in the video, so I am doing so here.